Luxor temple Built on the banks of the Nile and surrounded by the modern city, the Temple of Luxor is one of the most fascinating monuments of ancient Egypt, an elegant example of Pharaonic architecture.
Dedicated to the Theban triad of Amon, Mut, and Khonsu, the temple was erected by Amenhotep III, (Amenhotep III, the Sun King of the 18th Dynasty) whose long reign represented the apex of power and prestige of ancient Egypt.
Thanks to its orderly structure, you could visit it in a very short time, but the richness of the bas-reliefs and the tranquility of the site deserve to spend an entire afternoon. To get the most out of the atmosphere, plan your visit for the evening when the site is shrouded in delicate artificial lighting.
This great temple continues in the classical style of the buildings of the time, with its entrance, a courtyard, the hypostyle room, and a vestibule before finally reaching the final sanctuary of the god Amon. Until you reach the final sanctuary you must walk along the Avenue of the Sphinxes, with more than 600 statues before reaching the entrance to the first courtyard (extension of Ramses II). After that, the Columnata, composed of 14 big columns of 16 meters high.
This is one of the most important temples of ancient Egypt and its ruins are located in the city of the same name, which is situated in the central region of the country, on the banks of the Nile River. His work is mainly due to two important pharaohs, Amenhotep III and the great Ramses I: the latter we can see two large effigies at the entrance of Temple Luxor.
The temple of Luxor is a large Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile in the city of Luxor (ancient Thebes).
It was dedicated to the deity named Amon and during the New Kingdom, it was the center of the annual feast of Opet, in which a statue of this deity was moved along the Nile from the nearby great temple of Amun, for the rite of fertility.
Construction of the temple began during the reign of Amenhotep III in the 14th century B.C. Haremhab and Tutankhamun later added columns and statues, but the greatest expansion came with Ramses II, about 100 years after the work began.
Restoration work was later undertaken by Alexander the Great and Emperor Tiberius During the period of Arab domination the complex was abandoned, until the Mosque of Abu el Haggag was built there in the 13th century, overlooking the courtyard of the columns and an Arab village settled in the whole complex, then evacuated after the archaeological excavations of the 19th century.
The access to the temple was from the north, through an avenue flanked by sphinxes, while the ones you can see today, with a human head, are a late addition wanted by Pharaoh Nectanebo I. At the end of the avenue, stands the great portal, 24 meters high, built by Ramses II.
The main entrance to the temple complex was originally flanked by six colossal statues of Ramses, four seats (two remains), and two standing.
Instead of the two granite obelisks in front of the portal, one is still in place, while the other is in Place de la Concorde in Paris.
It was in fact donated to France in 1830 by the Pasha Mehmet Ali, although in reality, the gift included both obelisks, but only one was removed.
Finally, in 1989, 26 statues belonging to the Egyptian era of the New Kingdom were found under the floor of the inner area of the sanctuary, which can be seen today in the nearby Luxor Museum.
The portal then leads to the colonnaded courtyard which was built obliquely to the area behind, presumably to respect the pre-existing tripartite chapel where the sacred boats of the Theban triad formed by the gods Amon, Mut and Khonsu were kept.
The colonnade is sometimes interrupted by statues representing Ramses II, among which two enormous statues of the sovereign placed at the beginning of the colonnade of Amenhotep III are particularly noteworthy. The bases of both statues are decorated with designs celebrating the unification of Egypt.
After the courtyard, through the pylon of Amenhotep III, you enter a corridor 100 meters long and flanked by 14 columns with a papyrus-shaped capital.