The Colossi of Memnon are two huge twin stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, eighteen meters high. They are in a sitting position with their hands resting on their knees and their eyes facing east towards the Nile and the rising sun. On the front of the throne are carved two important figures; specifically, we find Queen Tiye and the mother of Amenophis, . On the side instead is represented Happy, ancient Egyptian divinity that represented the incarnation of the fertility of the flood of the Nile, symbol therefore of the fertility of the earth, the abundance of crops, and the life cycle renewed annually by the flood itself.
The two Colossi of Memnon were made with a type of stone Giza quartzite, very fragile and sensitive to the weather. Already in antiquity, (one thinks from the Ptolemaic era onwards, or even earlier), Theories Behind the Singing Statues of The Colossi of Memnon the statues became famous and known for a strange phenomenon. The force of the wind had in fact caused cracks in the body of the structures over time. When they were forced through these cracks, the gusts of wind caused a noise similar to a lament. This sound was audible at dawn. Lucio Flavio Filostrato, an Athenian writer who lived between 172 and 247 A.D., said that at sunrise, as soon as the first ray touched the mouth of one of the statues, an admiring public could hear the voice of the Colossus rising powerfully towards the sky. Some interpreted this sort of lament as the hero Memnon heartfelt greeting to his mother. The noise probably resulted from the passage of air through a crack in the stone caused by an earthquake or its expansion due to the sudden heat of the first rays of the sun.
Unfortunately, the giant has been silent since 170 AD, after the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus ordered its restoration.
The grandeur of The Colossi of Memnon and the incredible state of preservation make a visit not to be missed for anyone who goes up the Nile currents to the high valley of the river, to reach Luxor, an open-air museum.
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