The Kalabsha Temple is a Greek-Roman temple originally It is located 56 km south of the city of Aswan, in the governorate of Aswan. It was dedicated to Isis, Osiris, and Horus-Mandulis, who was the Roman appearance of the Nubian solar god, Merwel. This is the best example of an independent temple in Nubia, after the Temples of Abu Simbel. It is also known as the Temple of Mandulis
The ancient temple of Kalabsha was completed under the Roman Emperor Augustus, who was worshipped as a pharaoh in Egypt. The district measures 66 x 92 m in its entirety including the surrounding wall, the actual temple building measures 77 x 36 m and is thus the largest temple building in Nubia. On the way to the quay,
The entrance of the temple through the huge entrance pylon, which is mostly undecorated. If allowed, one can enter the corridors inside the pylon and climb stairs to the gate roof, from where one can have a view of the complex. Behind the pylon is the temple courtyard, of whose perimeter some columns are still preserved. On a column on the right side, two Greek and one Meroitic inscription from late antiquity are preserved. In one of the two Greek inscriptions, the Meroitic or Nubian toddler king Silko (5th century AD) boasts of a military triumph over the Blemyer tribe.
In the vestibule, there are twelve columns with plant capitals, four of which belong to the front. The vestibule is followed by three transverse halls, the latter of which was the sanctum where the statue of the gods was kept. The core building is surrounded by an inner gallery.