mosque madrassa of sultan Hassan | mosque of sultan Hassan Cairo | Islamic Cairo
Sultan Hassan mosque
Originally, Mosque of Sultan Hassan was a madrasa, that is, a school dedicated to Islam. However, it acquired the status of a congregational mosque for Friday sermons and has since become one of the most visited mosques in Cairo. Sultan Hassan Mosque Cairo is one of the most delicate and outstanding examples of Mamluk architecture in Cairo. It is considered one of the most beautiful mosques in the city, and some even cite it as part of the largest Islamic monuments in the world. With such impressive references, it is clear that admiring the beauty of this monument and visiting its interior are two must-dos for every tourist in the Egyptian capital. One piece of advice: do it in the morning, since the sun illuminates the mausoleum that was built in such a way that the rays of dawn flood the entire enclosure.
Sultan Hassan was, of course, the founder of this mosque. He was a ruler of Egypt twice: in 1347 when he was only 13 years old, and later in 1356. On the first occasion, he was dethroned by close officials, and in the second period he turned out to be a manipulated sultan, but he is responsible for the magnificent Islamic construction that we see today. The construction work began in the same year that Hassan acceded to the throne for the second time. With 150 meters long, 35 meters high, and a minaret of 68 meters, it is considered one of the largest mosques in the world.
And a curious fact… Five years after the works had started, one of the minarets collapsed and caused the death of more than three thousand people. This tragedy was interpreted as a bad omen, which is why Sultan Hassan was killed in 1361. It was not until two years after this death that the mosque was completed, by one of its officials, Bashir Al Gamdar.