Islamic Art

Islamic Art

Islamic Art

Islamic art includes the visual arts produced since the 7th century Before Muslims and non-Muslims, it is very difficult to define because it extends back about 1,400 years. It is also not specific to one specific religion, time, place, or medium. It is a range of artistic fields including architecture, calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, textiles, and others. It includes all arts from the cultures of Islamic societies It includes secular elements and elements forbidden by some Islamic scholars Calligraphy and decoration in the manuscript of the Holy Quran an important aspects of Islamic art.

Themes of Islamic Art

 Recurring elements in Islamic art Such as the use of floral and geometric designs, as well as arabesques The arabesque is used in Islamic art to symbolize the transcendent nature of God Arabesques appear in the Mughal fort in Agra, India Islamic art focused on depicting Arabic patterns and calligraphy and did not focus on human or animal figures, because religious scholars believe that depicting the human form is idolatry.

Arquitectura Islamica

The large group of secular and religious styles, such as Islamic architecture in mosques, is a distinctive style that combined building traditions from the Roman Empire to the Byzantine Empire.

It is one of the most famous building traditions in the world This became common in the Islamic world since the seventh century AD This type of art is characterized by bright colors and rich patterns This art exists mainly in countries with a Muslim majority and in those lands conquered by Muslims in the Middle Ages, It has also spread to some parts of Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Malta. It also appeared in buildings other than mosques, such as palaces, fortresses, public buildings, and even tombs and castles.


One of the oldest elements of Islamic architecture. It is a tiered structure or tower with small windows and a closed staircase. It is the opportunity for the muezzin to call the believers to prayer from a high point five times at each prayer. Some mosques are equipped with more than one minaret.

Domes architecture

This building has traditions of the Byzantine and Italian Renaissance eras, like many of the arts in the pioneering Architectural Renaissance movement The first Islamic building to contain this architectural element is the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.

Decorative details

An element of Islamic architecture. It is concerned with decoration details, sparkling stones, building geometry, and more than wonderful calligraphic decorations.

Early Mosques

The mosque is a place of prayer and it is believed that the House of Muhammad inspired the first mosques in Medina, which was the first mosque. The Great Mosque of Kairouan is one of the best preserved and important examples of early large mosques. It contains all the architectural features, including the dome of the mihrab.

Ottoman mosques

Ottoman mosque architecture first appeared in the cities of Bursa and Edirne and evolved from earlier Seljuk Turkish architecture, with touches of Byzantine, Persian, and Mamluk Islamic traditions.

Sultan Mehmed II incorporated European traditions into Istanbul in the 19th century When Ottoman architects perfected the technique of constructing interior spaces, the building reached its peak in the 16th century They built domes, slender angular minarets, and columns in their mosques, as can be seen in the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey. The Blue Mosque represents the pinnacle of Ottoman construction with its many domes, slender minarets, and overall harmony. Architecture also flourished during the era of the Safavid dynasty, the most prominent example of Safavid architecture, such as the Imperial Mosque.

Islamic Glass

Fine Islamic glass was the most developed in Eurasia, Islam seized much of the ancient Roman Sasanian glass-producing lands For this reason, it is often difficult to distinguish between production centers The glassware and glass trade appears to have been the specialty of the Jewish minority. The focus has been on fine glass through glass surface treatment The glass and other pieces were cheaper versions of cut rock crystal vessels The glass industry declined in Persia and the main production of fine glass moved to Egypt.



Islamic Calligraphy

Calligraphy design is ubiquitous in medieval Islamic art A type of architecture and decorative arts. The first form of Arabic script is the Kufic script. Kufic writing is characterized by its angular shape—the art of writing letters and words with decorative lines. The word and its artistic representation are certain to become an important aspect of Islamic art. There is no doubt that the most important religious text in Islam is the Qur’an However, calligraphy design is not limited to writers in Islamic art. The interior of the Dome of the Rock features many calligraphic inscriptions from the Qur’an, illustrating the importance of calligraphy in Islamic art and its use. It also included verses of poetry Calligraphers had great value in Islam.

Islamic Ceramics

Islamic art has outstanding achievements in ceramics Early pottery was generally unglazed, but Islamic potters developed the technique of opaque tin glazing And also the development of stoneware, which originated in Iraq in the ninth century Building the first industrial complex for the production of glass and ceramics in the city of Raqqa, Syria, in the eighth century There is no doubt that the oldest Islamic blue-painted enamel is in Basra.

Islamic Textiles

Carpets are considered one of the most important textiles in the Middle Ages. They were produced at the beginning of the modern Islamic state.

Islam and Textile Arts

Textile arts refers to the production of arts and crafts that use plant or animal fibers They can be decorative and luxury items The production and trade of textiles dates back to pre-Islamic times, much of which flourished thanks to the Silk Road. One of the most important textiles produced in the Middle Ages and early modern Islamic empires was carpets.

The Ottoman Empire and Carpet Production

The art of carpet weaving was particularly important during the Ottoman Empire As decorative furniture and for its practical value. They are not only used on floors but also as wall hangings and doors These rugs were made of silk, or a mixture of silk and cotton. The most valuable among the Ottoman rugs were the Hariri rugs

Persian Rugs

Safavid art contributes to many aesthetic traditions, especially the textile arts. Carpet weaving has evolved from a nomadic and peasant craft into a well-executed industry that uses specialized design and manufacturing techniques on high-quality fibers such as silk. It is now considered the best example of classical Persian weaving Persian fabric became one of the most popular imported products from Europe. There are several examples of European Renaissance paintings.


Frequently Asked Questions
What are the 3 types of Islamic art?
Islamic ornament are calligraphy, vegetal patterns, geometric patterns, and figural representation.
What describes Islamic art?
use of calligraphic, geometric and abstract floral patterns.
Why is Islamic art special?
Getting closer to God, as Islamic art focuses on spiritual representation.
Who created Islamic art?
from the seventh century onward by both Muslims and non-Muslims who lived within the territory that was inhabited by, or ruled by, culturally Islamic populations.
What is an example of Islamic art?
The Dome of the Rock, the Taj Mahal, a Mina'i ware bowl.
What is Islamic art made of?
use of repeating patterns which can be geometric, drawn from the natural world of plants.
How old is Islamic art?
Islamic art spans 1400 years, and can be religious or secular.
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