king Ahmose

king Ahmose

king Ahmose was the founding pharaoh of the XVIIIth Dynasty of the New Empire of Egypt, although he is better known as Ahmose I.

He was a member of the royal house of Thebes, son of Pharaoh Seqenenra Taa, and brother of the eventual last pharaoh of the 17th Dynasty, Kamose. At some point during the reign of his father or grandfather, Thebes rebelled against the Hyksos, who ruled Lower Egypt. When he was seven years old his father died a violent death, possibly in war, and he was about ten years old when his brother died of unknown causes after a short reign of probably only about three years. Amosis I assumed the throne after the death of his brother, and after his coronation was known as Neb-petty-Ra

When was King Ahmose born to death?

The reign of Ahmose has been dated differently, according to different authors: 1570-1546, 1560-1537 or 1551-1527 Manetho says that the reign of Amosis was 25 years and 4 months, and the data is supported by an inscription that mentions the 22nd year of his reign, found in the quarries of Tura. The medical examination of his mummy indicates that he died at the approximate age of thirty-five years, which also supports a reign duration of 25 years if we take into account that he came to the throne at ten years of age. Historian David Rohl has suggested alternative dates for his reign (1194 to 1170), but his conclusions are rejected by most Egyptologists.

Mummy of King Ahmose

The mummy identified as that of Amosis I was discovered in 1881 in the tomb DB320, located next to Deir el-Bahari, in the necropolis of Thebes, opposite Luxor. It was buried along with the mummies of other pharaohs of the 18th and 19th Dynasties (Amenophis I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III, Ramses I, Seti I, Ramses II, and Ramses IX) and those of the pharaohs of the 21st Dynasty Pinedyem I, Pinedyem II and Siamon.

Facts about Ahmose

  1. king Ahmose reunification of Upper and Lower Egypt,
  2. as well as by the Ahmose reconquest of the mines of Sinai and Nubia,
  3. In his last years of reign, Amosis initiated intense artistic and architectural activity,
  4. mainly focused on the restoration of destroyed temples and buildings.
  5. he returned to the elegant and conservative style of the Middle Empire,
  6. It is believed that the art of glass-making was developed during the reign of king Ahmose I.

King Ahmose Ancient Egypt

Ahmose (Ahmose I) was born into the ruling family of the city of Thebes, known as dynasty XVII. His grandfather and grandmother, Taa I and Tetisheri, had at least twelve children, including the future pharaoh Seqenenra Taa and Ahhotep.

According to the tradition of Egyptian queens, these two brothers married, and their children were Kamose.

Ahmose family tree

The Great Royal Wife and most important woman at the beginning of the XVIIIth Dynasty was Amosis’ own sister, Queen Ahmose-Nefertari. Married to him at a very young age, she enjoyed truly significant importance and power.


king Ahmose (1550-1525 B.C.) (Royal List of Abydos no. 66). He was the first king of the XVIIIth dynasty. Son of Seqenenre Taa II and younger brother of Kamose, his predecessor on the throne. These two died in a fight against the Hyksos. He acceded very young to the throne. His mother Ahhotep, acted a few years of co-regent. He initiated a combat against the Hyksos in the year 11 of his reign and conquered Avaris, the Hyksos capital.

The domination of the Hyksos was annihilated when Ahmosis pursued his enemies to Palestine and there he demolished the Hyksos fort of Sharuhen. After the fall of the fort he decided to consolidate Egypt’s borders, reconquered Nubia, and sealed the Syrian border. He led several military actions against the Cushites, former allies of the Hyksos. He established control up to the second cataract. After this, there was an era of peace and prosperity for Egypt.

During his reign, temple building and reconstruction projects were initiated in Thebes and Memphis. Limestone quarries were reopened in Tura. In Abydos, he ordered to build two cenotaphs of brick, for his grandmother Tetisheri and himself.

He reorganized the administration of the country and returned to the governors their responsibilities in the provinces. The opening of Egypt to the Near East favored the continuity in the import of raw materials and artistic production.

His mummy was found in Deir el-Bahari which suggests that he was about 35 years old when he died. His tomb has not been located.


Frequently Asked Questions
Ahmose Nefertari was black?
Posthumous representations of Ahmose-Nefertari usually show her with black skin . In ancient Egypt, the color black evoked rebirth and regeneration, in connection with the fertile black soil brought by the flooding of the Nile. The dark complexion refers to the deified status that Ahmose-Nefertari acquired after her death.
Who was Ahmose Nefertari?
Ahmose-Nefertari was the first Great Royal Wife to be invested with the title and function of "Wife of the god". This title officialized a practice, already in existence since the Old Kingdom, whereby the queen accompanied the king and participated in the performance of the ceremonies of the official cult.
What were Ahmose's main achievements?
During his reign, Ahmose completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the Nile delta, restored Theban rule over all of Egypt, and successfully reasserted Egyptian power in its formerly subdued territories of Nubia and Canaan.
Where is the mummy of Ahmose?
Mummy. The mummified head of Ahmose I in the Luxor Museum. The mummy of Ahmose I was discovered in 1881 inside the Deir el-Bahri cache, located in the hills directly above the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut .
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