King Narmer

King Narmer

About Narmer

King Narmer was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh from the Early Dynastic Era. The majority of Egyptologists believe that Narmer was the same person as Menes, the founder of the First Dynasty, and the unifier of Egypt.

The first pharaoh of ancient Egypt and founder of the First Dynasty in 3050 BC, is an important figure in Egyptian history. He called him Menes, His reign lasted 62 years and he married Queen Neithhotep of Naqada 

Narmer was the unifier of Egypt. He appears wearing the white war crown, which is unique to the Kingdom of the South, as he attacks an enemy. He also appears wearing the red crown of the Northern Kingdom, which many interpret as a testimony to his military unification of both countries.



Egypt During the Era of King Menes

He unified the country and annexed the Kingdom of the North and the Kingdom of the South. He sent military campaigns to Egypt and neighboring countries such as Nubia and established a new city of Memphis. There was an interest in the art of writing, sculpture, and agriculture.


King Narmer Palette

The length of the Narmer painting is about 64 cm. It depicts the achievements of Narmer wearing the two crowns of Egypt, the “upper and lower crowns,” which were combined into one crown called the “double crown.” The painting also shows clothes and writings related to that period, and King Menes was the first king of Upper Egypt. The great peaceful unification of Egypt is depicted on the Narmer Stela and at the top of the stela there are heads of bulls that can be interpreted as heads of cows, representing the goddess Hathor. The painting was discovered by British archaeologists. This painting of King Narmer is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.



 Facts on the First Egyptian Pharaoh

  • The Greeks Called Him Menes.
  • Narmer Was a Warrior.
  • Tried monotheism in the Paleolithic era.
  • He constructed the first unified capital for Egypt Memphis.
  • The Narmer Palette indicated huge information about Lower and Upper Egypt’s gods such as Hathor and Horus.


Constructions of his time

A dam was built in Memphis to transform the Nile Canal into a lake, and the city of Shedit was built, located in Lake Maurice (currently Lake Qarun), which is today called Fayoum. A temple was built in Memphis (Ptah).

Archaeological data

The name Narmer was found in many places in Egypt, in the Nile Valley, the desert, and southern Canaan Cylinder seals, in Naqada, the eastern Nile Delta, and southern Canaan, were written in hieroglyphics.

Pottery vessels have been discovered in several sites, both made in Egypt and made in the Egyptian style from local materials. Twenty serekhs have been found in Canaan that may belong to Narmer, but seven are unconfirmed or controversial.

king Narmer tomb

It is located in the Umm el-Qa’ab area of ​​Abydos. It consists of two rooms. It was rebuilt, reinforced with bricks, and painted white.

Finally, Narmer is one of the greatest kings of Egypt, as the country witnessed great social and political development. His reign added the distinctive features of Egypt’s past, his famous painting, and the royal tombs in Abydos.


Frequently Asked Questions
Who was Egypt's first pharaoh?
The first pharaoh was Narmer, also called Menes.
Where is Tomb of King Menes Founded?
The tomb of Narmer was found in Upper Egypt and the tomb bears two grave seals proving his identity as a ruler of the First Dynasty.
How did Egyptian pharaohs died?
Scholars have confirmed that the king was either executed after being captured in battle or was killed in his sleep by a palace conspiracy.
What is Narmer famous for?
The first pharaoh of ancient Egypt, who was the same person as Menes.
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