King Thutmose II

King Thutmose II

King Thutmose II

King Thutmose II was the fourth ruler of the Eighteenth Dynasty in Egypt and was the eldest son of Mut-Neferet He married Hatshepsut, the eldest daughter of Tuthmosis I., Hatshepsut presided over the empire of Thutmose II with actual influence and can be seen in several scenes from the Karnak Gate from the reign of Thutmose II, with her husband and alone.

Family of King Thutmose II

He was the youngest son of Thutmose I and chose to marry his royal half-sister, Hatshepsut, to secure his kingship It is possible that Thutmose II was still a minor when he ascended the throne. Because these campaigns were carried out specifically by the king’s generals Thutmose II fathered Neferu Ra by Hatshepsut, as well as a male heir, the famous Thutmose III Hatshepsut was the real power behind the throne during the rule of Thutmose II Thutmose II ruled for 13 years. Scholars differ on this number, and some believe that he ruled for only three years, There is also the fact that Hatshepsut celebrated the jubilee of her master in her sixteenth year, which happened 30 years after the death of Thutmose I, her father, who was the main source of her claim to power.

Thutmose II’s Mummy and His Burial Chamber

No royal tomb of Tuthmosis II was identified. His mummified body was found in the royal mummies cache in Deir el-Bahari. It was in a poor condition. There is no doubt that tomb robbers had severely damaged it. The right leg of his body had been cut off. Thutmose II died in his early thirties, and his skin had spots and he had a skin disease that could not be covered by mummification. It is also worth noting that the mummy of Thutmose II indicates that he was a weak man, his body was thin, and the skull was bald. He had a face and the shape of his head that resembled Thutmose I.

Achievements of King Thutmose II

There are still a number of the king’s buildings erected. Its largest building was a limestone entrance in Karnak and was completed during the reign of Tuthmosis III Thutmose II sent an army to Nubia despite his young age, which did not allow him to participate in the fighting. Although it was just a small raid, the troops traveled as far as Syria The Nubian state had been completely subjugated by Tuthmosis II Thutmose II sent troops against some Bedouins in southern Palestine.

Thutmose II Facts

  • Thutmose II sent armies and successful campaigns against the Bedouins.
  • There was a dispute during his reign because Hatshepsut wanted to erase his name and replace it with hers.
  • His mummy was discovered in the royal cache in Deir el-Bahari in 1886.
  • There is also no doubt that Thutmose fought the Shasu Bedouins in Sinai, in the campaign mentioned by Ahmose ibn Negept.

The name of Tuthmosis II was mentioned in the following places:

  • Stone block of Coptos Temple.
  • An inscription mentions the campaign against Nubia.
  • Inscription on one of the columns in the Temple of Hatshepsut in Deir el-Bahari.

Not much is known about Thutmose II, and the tomb of Thutmose II has not been positively identified, but the mummy was discovered.

Frequently Asked Questions
How long did Thutmose II rule?
The period of rule was between 13 or 14 years, and he was young when he assumed the throne.
What happened to Thutmose II?
He suffered from a skin disease that could not be covered by mummification.
Why did Thutmose destroy Hatshepsut?
He did this out of politics and governance because she wanted to run the country.
Were Thutmose II and Hatshepsut related?
When Tuthmosis II died, Hatshepsut became Tuthmosis III's guardian, and the two became rulers of Egypt.
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