The Valley Temple

The Valley Temple

Next to the sphinx is the so-called Temple of the Valley, about 111 x 56 m. Discovered by Mariette in 1853, and in it were found the names of the pharaoh Chephren, so it is attributed to this temple.

In its interior were found in antiquity twenty-three statues of granite, which rested on the twenty-three columns of the same material that today are erected and solitary in the courtyard of the temple. Of these statues was found one, in which the falcon Horus, is behind the head of the pharaoh is in (Cairo Museum).

The Temple of the Valley was dedicated to the holy spirit of King Kefren, to serve meals and offerings for the pharaoh, and where his corpse was embalmed for 70 days in the Temple of the Valley in the area of the pyramids of Giza in Cairo.

Who is the Founder of the Valley Temple?

The Valley Temple of Chephren was established by Hafre was the fourth pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, who succeeded his brother Djedefre in 2570 BC.
He was the third son of Pharaoh Khufu, but there are arguments about the name of his mother, as some scholars believe that he is the son of Queen Meritites I, while some claim that his mother was Queen Henutsen, as both were half-sisters and wives. of Khufu.
Khafre married several women, but among them only the names of four are known, from several inscriptions in various tombs. He fathered 12 sons and 3 daughters, among them the most famous had been his successor Menkaure. He ruled Egypt for 26 years, although there are various opinions about the dates and duration of his reign.

Conclusion 

The temple of the valley of Khephren in Gizeh has a square plan of 45 meters on each side and thick walls with the exterior sloping. From the antechamber, we pass to this hypostyle room that has the shape of an inverted T, with a row of monolithic pillars in the transversal branch and two in the longitudinal one. It is a room of great harmony in its proportions.

The Valley Temple
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Stunning cities to visit in Egypt
  • Greater Cairo – the capital of Egypt, home to the Giza Pyramids, the Egyptian Museum and fabulous Islamic architecture.
  • Luxor – the gateway to the Valley of the Kings, amongst other fabulous attractions.
  • Aswan – a more relaxed option, full of amazing sights.
  • Port Said – the center of the third-largest metropolitan area, has a cosmopolitan heritage, home to the Lighthouse of Port Said.
  • Hurghada – a town on the Red Sea, filled with all-inclusive resorts and diving.
  • Sharm El Sheikh – a hugely popular resort town on the Sinai peninsula, with some of the best scuba diving in the world.
  • Alexandria – Egypt’s window on the Mediterranean, with still-palpable glimpses of the past.
Popular destinations in Egypt
  • Greater Cairo – the capital of Egypt, home to the Giza Pyramids, the Egyptian Museum and fabulous Islamic architecture.
  • Luxor – the gateway to the Valley of the Kings, amongst other fabulous attractions.
  • Aswan – a more relaxed option, full of amazing sights.
  • Port Said – the center of the third-largest metropolitan area, has a cosmopolitan heritage, home to the Lighthouse of Port Said.
  • Hurghada – a town on the Red Sea, filled with all-inclusive resorts and diving.
  • Sharm El Sheikh – a hugely popular resort town on the Sinai peninsula, with some of the best scuba diving in the world.
  • Alexandria – Egypt’s window on the Mediterranean, with still-palpable glimpses of the past.
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